Sapphire is also a variety of the mineral Corundum and represents all the colors except red Corundum, which is Ruby.
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Blue is the main color of the Sapphire whereas this gemstone is also found in colors like green, orange, pink, gray, colorless, black, brown, and purple. Sapphire is the most precious blue gemstone. It is a most desirable gem due to its color, hardness, durability, and luster. Top-quality sapphires are extremely rare in all the gemstone mines of the world. Cutting of this gemstone requires great skills and experience and it is the job of the cutter to orientate the raw crystals in such a way that the color is brought out to its best improvement.
The Sapphire is also considered as an excellent choice for jewellery. In terms of hardness and durability, it is second only to the diamond (and equal to the ruby). It can be worn everyday without the caution needed with more fragile gemstones like the opal or topaz.